Habitat

Habitat is the place where species live and can be characterized and described by the physical, chemical, biological, and geological components of the ocean environment. Habitat science is the study of relationships among species and their environment.

Ocean habitat is essential for maintaining productivity of fishery resources, and is a key component of an ecosystem-oriented management approach. Structural habitat includes boulders, corals, anemones, kelp, and other living organisms attached to the ocean bottom.